A sole proprietorship, also known as the sole trader or simply a proprietorship, is a type of business entity that is owned and run by one natural person and in which there is no legal distinction between the owner and the business.The owner is in direct control of all elements and is legally accountable for the finances of such business and this may include debts, loans, loss etc.The owner receives all profits (subject to taxation specific to the business) and has unlimited responsibility for all losses and debts.
An example is the Brazilian concept of "sole business" that was split into two main kinds of formal freelancer: German and Austrian tax law also differentiates between sole professionals (Freiberufler) and other sole proprietors (Gewerbetreibende).
Registration of a business name for a sole proprietor is generally uncomplicated, unless it involves the selection of a name that is fictitious, or “assumed.” The business owner is required to register with the appropriate local authorities, who will determine that the name submitted is not duplicated by another business entity.
Furthermore, the business owner must complete a form submitted to the governing authority to acquire title as a “DBA” or "doing business as”.
The authority in some states is the Secretary of State.
It is a "sole" proprietorship in contrast with partnerships (which have at least two owners).
A sole proprietor may use a trade name or business name other than his, her, or its legal name.They will have to legally trademark their business name, the process being different depending upon country of residence.An exact translation of "sole proprietorship" is unusual, because the focus of the concept can change.The license for a sole proprietary business entitles the owner to hire employees and enlist the services of independent consultants.Although an employee or consultant may be requested by the owner to complete a specific project or participate in the company's decision-making process, their contribution to the project or decision is considered a recommendation under the law.Under the legal doctrine Respondeat superior (Latin: "let the master answer"), the legal liability for any business decision arising from such a contribution remains upon the owner and cannot be renounced or apportioned.