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Effect where different parties to bill are the same person. Person signing as agent or in representative capacity. Negotiation of bill to party already liable on the bill.

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Where a note is in the body of it made payable at a particular place, presentment at that place is necessary in order to render an endorser liable; but when a place of payment is indicated by way of memorandum only, presentment at that place is sufficient to render the endorser liable, but a presentment to the maker elsewhere, if sufficient in other respects, shall also suffice. The following provisions as to bills do not apply to notes, namely, provisions relating to— presentment for acceptance; acceptance; acceptance supra protest; bills in a set. Nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring the bill or note of a corporation to be under seal. “Nonbusiness days” for the purposes of this Act means Sundays and public holidays, and any other day is a business day.

Rules as to presentment for acceptance and excuses for nonpresentment. Presentment for payment is necessary in order to render the endorser of a note liable. The maker of a promissory note by making it— engages that he or she will pay it according to its tenor; is precluded from denying to a holder in due course the existence of the payee and his or her then capacity to endorse. In applying those provisions, the maker of a note shall be deemed to correspond with the acceptor of a bill, and the first endorser of a note shall be deemed to correspond with the drawer of an accepted bill payable to drawer’s order. A thing is deemed to be done in good faith within the meaning of this Act where it is in fact done honestly, whether it is done negligently or not. In the case of a corporation, where by this Act any instrument or writing is required to be signed, it is sufficient if the instrument or writing is sealed with the corporate seal. Where, by this Act, the time limited for doing any act or thing is less than three days, in reckoning time, nonbusiness days are excluded. For the purposes of this Act, where a bill or note is required to be protested within a specified time, or before some further proceeding is taken, it is sufficient that the bill has been noted for protest before the expiration of the specified time or the taking of the proceeding; and the formal protest may be extended at any time thereafter as of the date of the noting. The form given in the Schedule to this Act may be used with necessary modifications, and if used shall be sufficient. Nothing in this Act shall affect— the provisions of the Stamps Act or any law or enactment relating to the revenue; the provisions of the Companies Act or any Act relating to joint stock banks or companies; the validity of any usage relating to dividend warrants, or the endorsements thereof. Householder Witness Witness NB—The bill itself should be annexed, or a copy of the bill, and all that is written on it should be underwritten.

Subject to the preceding rules, where any one part of a bill drawn in a set is discharged by payment or otherwise, the whole bill is discharged. A note which is, or on the face of it purports to be, both made and payable within Uganda is an inland note. Where a note payable on demand is negotiated, it is not deemed to be overdue, for the purpose of affecting the holder with defects of title of which he or she had no notice, by reason that it appears that a reasonable time for presenting it for payment has elapsed since its issue. In any other case, presentment for payment is not necessary in order to render the maker liable. Subject to the provisions in this Part and, except as by this section provided, the provisions of this Act relating to bills of exchange apply, with the necessary modifications, to promissory notes. Where, by this Act, any instrument or writing is required to be signed by any person, it is not necessary that he or she should sign it with his or her own hand, but it is sufficient if his or her signature is written on it by some other person by or under his or her authority. Where a dishonoured bill or note is authorised or required to be protested, and the services of a notary cannot be obtained at the place where the bill is dishonoured, any householder or substantial resident of the place may, in the presence of two witnesses, give a certificate, signed by them, attesting the dishonour of the bill, and the certificate shall in all respects operate as if it were a formal protest of the bill. The provisions of this Act as to crossed cheques shall apply to a warrant for payment of dividend. The rules of common law, including the law merchant, except insofar as they are inconsistent with the express provisions of this Act, shall continue to apply to bills of exchange, promissory notes and cheques. Know all men that I, (householder), of , at the request of , there being no notary public available, did on the day of , 20 ____, at demand payment (or acceptance) of the bill of exchange hereunder written, from , to which demand he or she made answer (state answer, if any), wherefore I now, in the presence of and , do protest the bill of exchange.

When the acceptor of a bill drawn in a set pays it without requiring the part bearing his or her acceptance to be delivered up to him or her, and that part at maturity is outstanding in the hands of a holder in due course, he or she is liable to the holder of it. For the purposes of this subsection, “banker’s draft” means a draft payable on demand drawn by or on behalf of a bank upon itself, whether payable at the head office or some other office of the bank. A note is not invalid by reason only that it contains also a pledge of collateral security with authority to sell or dispose of it. In determining what is a reasonable time, regard shall be had to the nature of the instrument, the usage of trade and the facts of the particular case. Where a promissory note is in the body of it made payable at a particular place, it must be presented for payment at that place in order to render the maker liable. (1) The rules in bankruptcy relating to bills of exchange, promissory notes and cheques shall continue to apply thereto notwithstanding anything in this Act. Form of Protest Which May be Used When the Services of a Notary Cannot be Obtained.

(50 points)The textarea shown to the left is named ta in a form named f1.

It contains the top 10,000 passwords in order of frequency of use -- each followed by a comma (except the last one).When the "Execute p1" button is clicked the javascript function p1 is executed.This function: add one to the value of cnumb for the length of the password (e.g., if the password is 7 bytes long AND contains only digits, add 1 to cnumb[7])(Hint: if is NAN(password string) is true, the password contains at least one byte that is NOT a digit; if false the password is composed of digits only). Where the holder of a bill refuses to receive payment supra protest, he or she shall lose his or her right of recourse against any party who would have been discharged by such payment. If the drawee accepts more than one part, and such accepted parts get into the hands of different holders in due course, he or she is liable on every such part as if it were a separate bill. Where a bill drawn in one country is negotiated, accepted or payable in another, the rights, duties and liabilities of the parties to the bill are determined as follows— (a) the validity of a bill as regards requisites in form is determined by the law of the place of issue, and the validity as regards requisites in form of the supervening contracts, such as acceptance, or endorsement or acceptance supra protest, is determined by the law of the place where the contract was made; except that— (i) where a bill is issued out of Uganda, it is not invalid by reason only that it is not stamped in accordance with the law of the place of issue; (ii) where a bill issued out of Uganda conforms, as regards requisites in form, to the law of Uganda, it may, for the purpose of enforcing payment of it, be treated as valid as between all persons who negotiate, hold or become parties to it in Uganda; subject to this Act, the interpretation of the drawing, endorsement, acceptance or acceptance supra protest of a bill is determined by the law of the place where such contract is made; except that where an inland bill is endorsed in a foreign country, the endorsement shall, as regards the payer, be interpreted according to the law of Uganda; the duties of the holder with respect to presentment for acceptance or payment, and the necessity for or sufficiency of a protest or notice of dishonour, or otherwise, are determined by the law of the place where the act is done or the bill is dishonoured; where a bill is drawn out of but payable in Uganda and the sum payable is not expressed in the currency of Uganda, the amount shall, in the absence of some express stipulation, be calculated according to the rate of exchange for sight drafts at the place of payment on the day the bill is payable; where a bill is drawn in one country and is payable in another, its due date is determined according to the law of the place where it is payable. Where an uncrossed cheque, or a cheque crossed generally, is sent to a banker for collection, he or she may cross it specially to himself or herself. Where the banker on whom a crossed cheque is drawn, in good faith and without negligence, pays it, if crossed generally, to a banker, and if crossed specially, to the banker to whom it is crossed, or is agent for collection being a banker, the banker paying the cheque, and, if the cheque has come into the hands of the payee, the drawer, shall respectively be entitled to the same rights and be placed in the same position as if payment of the cheque had been made to the true owner of the cheque. Sections 75 to 81 shall apply to a banker’s draft as if the draft were a cheque. An instrument in the form of a note payable to maker’s order is not a note within the meaning of this section unless it is endorsed by the maker. A promissory note is inchoate and incomplete until delivery of it to the payee or bearer. (2) Where a note runs “I promise to pay”, and is signed by two or more persons, it is deemed to be their joint and several note. If it is not so presented, the endorser is discharged. If the holder does not on demand deliver them up, he or she shall be liable to the payer for honour in damages. If the drawer on request as aforesaid refuses to give such duplicate bill, he or she may be compelled to do so. The acceptance may be written on any part, and it must be written on one part only. Except as otherwise provided in this Part of this Act, the provisions of this Act applicable to a bill of exchange payable on demand apply to a cheque. Where a cheque is crossed specially, the banker to whom it is crossed may again cross it specially to another banker for collection. A crossing authorised by this Act is a material part of the cheque; it shall not be lawful for any person to obliterate or, except as authorised by this Act, to add to or alter the crossing. (2) When the banker on whom a cheque is drawn which is so crossed, nevertheless, pays it, or pays a cheque crossed generally otherwise than to a banker, or if crossed specially otherwise than to a banker to whom it is crossed, or his or her agent for collection being a banker, he or she is liable to the true owner of the cheque for any loss he or she may sustain owing to the cheque having been so paid; but where a cheque is presented for payment which does not at the time of presentment appear to be crossed, or to have had a crossing which has been obliterated, or to have been added to or altered otherwise than as authorised by this Act, the banker paying the cheque in good faith and without negligence shall not be responsible or incur any liability, nor shall the payment be questioned by reason of the cheque having been crossed, or of the crossing having been obliterated or having been added to or altered otherwise than as authorised by this Act, and of payment having been made otherwise than to a banker or to the banker to whom the cheque is or was crossed, or to his or her agent for collection being a banker, as the case may be. Protection to banker and drawer where cheque is crossed. Where a person takes a crossed cheque which bears on it the words “not negotiable”, he or she shall not have, and shall not be capable of giving, a better title to the cheque than that which the person from whom he or she took it had. A banker receives payment of a crossed cheque for a customer within the meaning of this section, notwithstanding that he or she credits his or her customer’s account with the amount of the cheque before receiving payment of it. A promissory note is an unconditional promise in writing made by one person to another signed by the maker, engaging to pay, on demand or at a fixed or determinable future time, a sum certain in money, to, or to the order of, a specified person or to bearer. (1) A promissory note may be made by two or more makers, and they may be liable on it jointly, or jointly and severally, according to its tenor. Where a note payable on demand has been endorsed, it must be presented for payment within a reasonable time of the endorsement. The payer for honour on paying to the holder the amount of the bill and the notarial expenses incidental to its dishonour is entitled to receive both the bill itself and the protest. Where a bill has been lost before it is overdue, the person who was the holder of it may apply to the drawer to give him or her another bill of the same tenor, giving security to the drawer, if required, to indemnify him or her against all persons in case the bill alleged to have been lost shall be found again. In any action or proceeding upon a bill, the court or a judge may order that the loss of the instrument shall not be set up, provided an indemnity is given to the satisfaction of the court or judge against the claims of any other person upon the instrument in question. Where two or more parts of a set are negotiated to different holders in due course, the holder whose title first accrues is as between such holders deemed the true owner of the bill, but nothing in this subsection shall affect the rights of a person who in due course accepts or pays the parts first presented to him or her. A cheque is a bill of exchange drawn on a banker payable on demand. Subject to this Act— where a cheque is not presented for payment within a reasonable time of its issue, and the drawer or the person on whose account it is drawn had the right at the time of the presentment as between him and her and the banker to have the cheque paid and suffers actual damage through the delay, he or she is discharged to the extent of the damage, that is to say, to the extent to which such drawer or person is a creditor of the banker to a larger amount than he or she would have been had the cheque been paid; in determining what is a reasonable time, regard shall be had to the nature of the instrument, the usage of trade and of bankers and the facts of the particular case; the holder of the cheque as to which the drawer or person is discharged shall be a creditor, in lieu of the drawer or person, of the banker to the extent of such discharge, and entitled to recover the amount from him or her. Where a cheque is crossed generally or specially, the holder may add the words “not negotiable”. (1) Where a cheque is crossed specially to more than one banker, except when crossed to an agent for collection being a banker, the banker on whom it is drawn shall refuse payment of it. (1) Where a banker in good faith and without negligence receives payment for a customer of a cheque crossed generally or specially to himself or herself, and the customer has no title or a defective title to it, the banker shall not incur any liability to the true owner of the cheque by reason only of having received that payment.